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Terms and Conditions of Use

These terms and conditions of use (“Terms and Conditions”) and our privacy policy (“Privacy Policy”) govern your use of this blog, and any content made available from or through the blog located at https://blog.oup.com, including any subdomains (the “Blog” or the “OUP Blog”). This Blog is made available by Oxford University Press USA (“OUP US”, “we,” “us,” “our”). By using the Blog, you are agreeing to the practices set out in this statement.

You may access certain parts of the Blog without registering or providing OUP US with your details.

As the information on the Blog may be incomplete, out of date or inaccurate and may contain technical inaccuracies or typographical errors, OUP US reserves the right to update the Blog at our sole discretion. Thus, such information may be changed or updated without notice.

We reserve the right to make changes to this legal notice. Any changes we may make to this legal notice will be posted on this page and, where appropriate, we will also notify you by email. Certain provisions of this legal notice may be superseded by expressly designated legal notices or terms located on particular pages of the Blog.

Intellectual Property Rights

We and/or our licensors are the owners of all intellectual property rights in the Blog, and the Blog and the materials on the Blog are protected by intellectual property laws around the world including copyright and trade mark laws. Subject to the terms of this legal notice and any other licence agreements between you and OUP, all such rights are reserved and no materials may otherwise be copied, modified, published, broadcast or otherwise distributed without our prior written permission. Oxford University Press, OUP, Oxford and/or any other names of products or services provided by Oxford University Press and referred to on the Blog are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Oxford University Press.

Notwithstanding the foregoing and where applicable, copyright in each illustration that appears on the Blog is owned by the rights holder(s) named in ‘Picture Details’ window for that illustration. All rights are reserved. No illustration from the Blog may be copied, modified, published or broadcast or otherwise distributed.

Use of Blog content

Except where a Blog post states otherwise, you are permitted to read, print and download one copy of portions of the information on this Blog and make personal use of it, and you may duplicate and reference limited portions of the Blog for “classroom use” on the condition that you provide appropriate attribution and/or links back to this Blog. In doing so, you may not remove or alter any RSS feed, internal text link, trademark, watermark, copyright, or other proprietary notice. For duplications and references in print, Blog content must appear unedited and at the top of each section that displays such Blog content, however, hyperlinks may be replaced with full URLs. A link to the Blog must appear prominently at the top of each Web page displaying Blog content, as permitted by this section.

You may not make any commercial use of this material without obtaining our prior written permission.

If you sign up to receive newsletters or subscribe to our Blog posts by email you may only use the material sent to you for non-commercial use.

For further information, please see our Reuse of Blog Content Policy.

Usernames and Passwords

Where you have registered on the Blog and have been provided with a username and password, you agree not to make available your username and/or password to anyone. If there has been a disclosure of your username and/or password, you agree to notify us promptly of such disclosure so that OUP can take appropriate security measures and provide you with a new username and password.

User Content and Submitted Materials

By submitting material for inclusion on the Blog, you grant us a royalty-free, unrestricted, worldwide, perpetual, irrevocable, non-exclusive and fully transferable, assignable and sublicensable right and license to use, copy, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such material (in whole or part) and/or to incorporate it in other works in any form, media, or technology now known or later developed. By posting material on our Blog, you are also giving the OUP Group the right to use such content for promotional and marketing purposes.

Please do not submit any unsolicited confidential, secret or proprietary information or material through the Blog, by email or in any other way. Any materials submitted or sent to us on or through the Blog (“Submitted Materials”) will be deemed not to be confidential or secret, and may be used by the OUP Group in any manner. By submitting or sending Submitted Materials to us, you represent and warrant that the Submitted Materials (in whole and in part) are original to you, that no other party has any rights thereto, and that any “moral rights” in such Submitted Materials have been waived.

You agree that you have all necessary rights in and to the Submitted Materials and that such materials will not infringe any personal or proprietary rights of any third parties, that such material is not technically harmful (including, without limitation, computer viruses, logic bombs, Trojan horses, worms, harmful components, corrupted data or other malicious software or harmful data).

You agree that, while using this Blog, you will not upload, post or transmit to or distribute or otherwise publish through the Blog any materials that: (a) are protected by copyright, or other proprietary or intellectual property right, without first obtaining permission from the proprietary or intellectual property rights holder; (b) are unlawful, threatening, harassing, profane, tortious, defamatory, vulgar, obscene, libelous, deceptive, fraudulent, contain explicit or graphic descriptions or accounts of sexual acts (including but not limited to sexual language of a violent or threatening nature directed at another individual or group of individuals), invasive of another’s privacy or hateful; (c) constitute or encourage conduct that would constitute a criminal offense or give rise to civil liability; or (d) contain a virus, spyware, or other harmful component, advertising of any kind, or false or misleading indications of origin or statements of fact.

You also agree that, in submitting any materials to this Blog, you will not: (a) impersonate any person or entity or misrepresent your affiliation with any person or entity; (b) offer to buy or sell any product or service on or through your comments submitted to our Blog; (c) engage in spamming, flooding, harvesting of email addresses or other personal information, spidering, “screen scraping,” “database scraping,” or any other activity with the purpose of obtaining lists of users, contact information or other information, or send chain letters or pyramid schemes via the Blog; or (d) obtain or attempt to obtain unauthorized access to other computer systems, materials or information through any means. You agree that you will not use the Blog in any manner that could damage, disable, overburden, or impair the Blog or interfere with any other party’s use and enjoyment of the Blog. You may not obtain or attempt to obtain any materials or information through any means not intentionally made available or provided for through the Blog.


Oxford University Press makes no warranties or representations of any kind concerning the accuracy or suitability of the information contained on the Blog for any purpose. All such information is provided “as is” and with a specific disclaimer of any warranties of merchantability, fitness for purpose, title and/or non-infringement. Oxford University Press makes no warranties or representations of any kind that the services provided by this Blog will be uninterrupted, error-free or that the Blog or the server that hosts the Blog are free from viruses or other forms of harmful computer code.


Links to other websites are provided by OUP in good faith and for information only. OUP disclaims any responsibility for the materials contained in any website linked to the Blog.

In addition, a link to a non-OUP website does not mean that OUP endorses or accepts any responsibility for the content, or the use, of such website or the products and/or services offered on such website. It is up to you to take precautions to ensure that whatever you select for your use is free of such items as viruses, worms, trojans and other items of a destructive nature.

Service Access

While we endeavour to ensure that the Blog is normally available 24 hours a day, we shall not be liable if for any reason the Blog is unavailable at any time or for any period.

Access to the Blog may be suspended temporarily and without notice in the case of system failure, maintenance or repair or for reasons beyond our control.

OUP reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to review, edit or delete any content posted by users that is defamatory, unlawful, threatening, or obscene and/or that OUP deems to be otherwise objectionable. Notwithstanding the foregoing, OUP expressly disclaims any responsibility or liability for any content uploaded by you or any other user of the Blog. . We also have the rights to disclose your identity to law enforcement authorities or to any third party who claims that any content posted or uploaded by you to our Blog constitute a violation of their intellectual property rights, or of their right to privacy.

Suspension and Termination

We will determine, in our discretion, whether there has been a breach of these terms in connection with your use of the Blog. When we determine that such a breach has occurred, we may take such action as we deem appropriate including but not limited to blocking without warning or discussion any user who does not adhere to these terms, and remove all previous posts and contributions.

Failure to comply with these terms may result in immediate temporary or permanent withdrawal of your access to and/or right to use the Blog.

Copyright Infringement Complaints

OUP respects, and takes the protection of intellectual property rights seriously. If you believe that any content on this the Blog infringes your copyright and you wish it to be taken down, please send us a written notice by email or post which includes:

(i) a physical or electronic signature of the copyright owner or someone authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner.

(ii) Identification of the copyrighted work claimed to have been infringed, or, if multiple copyrighted works at a single website are covered by a single notification, a list of such works at that website.

(iii) Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing (or to be the subject of infringing activity) which is sufficient to allow OUP to identify and locate of the material.

(iv) Your address, telephone number, and, if available, an email address at which you may be contacted.

(v) A statement that you have a good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.

(vi) A statement that the information in the notification is accurate, and under penalty of perjury, that you are authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed.

Please send this notice to our designated DMCA agent:

By email: [email protected]

By post: Legal Department
Oxford University Press
Great Clarendon Street
United Kingdom

Global Nature of Websites

You recognise the global nature of the Blog and thus, agree to comply with all applicable local laws in your jurisdiction when using the Blog.

Information we publish on the Blog may contain references or cross-references to our services and/or products offered that are not announced or available in your country. Such references do not imply that we intend to announce such services and/or products in your country.

Governing Law

You agree that this legal notice shall be exclusively governed in accordance with the laws of and the courts in England and Wales. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing in this legal notice will preclude OUP from applying to any court to bring an action for the infringement of its intellectual property rights.


If you have any concerns about material which appears on the Blog, please contact us.

Updated on: 3 January 2020

Effective on: 22 July 2005