This July, the OUP Philosophy team honors Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-61) as their Philosopher of the Month. Merleau-Ponty was a leading French phenomenologist and together with Sartre founded the existential school of philosophy. He was best known for his major work, Phénoménologie de la Perception (1945, Phenomenology of Perception) which established that the body was the centre of perceptions and medium of consciousness.
The philosopher also had a longstanding interest in aesthetics. His writing on the philosophy of painting in the three essays: ‘Cézanne’s Doubt’, ‘Indirect Language and the Voices of Silence’ and ‘Eye and Mind’ explore how art and perception intertwine, in particular how paintings reveal the act of viewing the world in a way that is more truly representative.
You may have read his work, but how much do you really know about Merleau-Ponty? Test your knowledge with our quiz below.
Featured image credit: Mont Sainte-Victoire, ca.1887 by Paul Cézanne, Courtauld Institute of Art. Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.