What is the future of warfare? Counterinsurgency expert David Kilcullen’s fieldwork in supporting aid agencies, non-government organizations, and local communities in conflict and disaster-affected regions, has taken him from the mountains of Afghanistan to the cities of Syria. His experience in the last few years has led to new ways of thinking about the face of global conflict.
In Out of the Mountains: The Coming Age of the Urban Guerrilla, he examines the rise of complex conflicts in highly networked urban environments through both scholarly research and first-hand experience. Gone are the skirmishes with terrorists and insurgents in isolated environments. Conflict is increasingly likely to occur in the slum settlements of sprawling coastal cities, where everyone has a mobile phone with an Internet connection to coordinate attacks — or resistance.
Click the pins on the map below to see images of urban warfare in action today.
David Kilcullen is the author of the highly acclaimed Out of the Mountains: The Coming Age of the Urban Guerrilla, The Accidental Guerrilla, and Counterinsurgency. A former soldier and diplomat, he served as a senior advisor to both General David H. Petraeus and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. In recent years he has focused on fieldwork to support aid agencies, non-government organizations and local communities in conflict and disaster-affected regions, and on developing new ways to think about complex conflicts in highly networked urban environments.